Wake up call to halt the evolving epidemic of sexual offence in India: Urgent need to find out the solutions

Padhy Gouri Kumari, Abhishek Mishra, Anjali Pal, Dash Shreemanta Kumar

Abstract


Violence against women is a global public health problem of epidemic proportion, requiring urgent action and India ranks 4th in the world as per recent statistics of rapes. An increasing trend in the incidence of rape has been observed during the periods 2010 - 2014. The reported figures are only the tip of the iceberg. Only 1% of sexual violence victims in India report the crime. The victims of sexual violence experience a wide range of physical and psychological problems. The number of disability-adjusted life years (DALY) lost by women for this is comparable to diseases such as tuberculosis, HIV, cardiovascular diseases or cancer. It contributed about 5% of the total global disease burden. The causes for this problem are multifaceted, so are the solutions. Fear of punishment cannot be the sole solution, as it may lead to increased rate of murder of victim to destroy evidence. Considering the rising incidences of sexual assaults in the society an attempt is made in this article to suggest some measures which can bring down these incidences. The role of yoga, meditation and moral education in different stages of life becomes very crucial in this context. But all these are long term interventions. Hence along with these measures some urgent steps need to be taken to tackle this problem. Measures like decriminalizing/ legalizing prostitution, cuddle cafe and phone sex are being used in some countries as newer approaches to satiate the desire for sex.

Keywords: Sexual assault, Rape, Prostitution, Cuddle Sex, Phone Sex


Full Text:

PDF

References


WHO, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, South African Medical Research Council. Global and regional estimates of violence against women: Prevalence and health effects of intimate partner violence and non-partner sexual violence 2013. Available from: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/85239/1/9789241564625_eng.pdf. Cited on 28 June 2015.

Ejaz Khan. Top 10 countries with highest rape crime. Available from: http://www.wonderslist.com/10-countries-highest-rape-crime/. Cited 28 October 2015.

India tourism fears after latest rape – Telegraph. Available from: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/destinations/asia/india/11327948/India-tourism-fears-after-latest-rape.html. Cited 21 November 2015.

Welcome to National Crime Records Bureau. Available from: http://ncrb.gov.in/. Cited 28 October 2015.

93 women are being raped in India every day, NCRB data show - The Times of India. Available from: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/93-women-are-being-raped-in-India-every-day-NCRB-data-show/articleshow/37566815.cms. Cited 28 October 2015.

Base paper on availability of data and data gaps for situation analysis of well-being of children and women. Available from: http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/base_paper_on_data_gaps_child_women11sept14.pd. Cited 25 July 2015.

The global burden of violence against women. Available from: http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/violence/6th_milestones_meeting/watts_ipv.pdf. Cited 2 August 2015.

Confronting gender based violence: Global lessons with case studies from India - Johns Hopkins University, Coursera. Available from: https://www.coursera.org/course/gbv. Cited 30 October 2015.

British Medical Journal Lancet now pulls up Indian government for failing to stop rapes - The Times of India. Available from: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/British-medical-journal-Lancet-now-pulls-up-Indian-government-for-failing-to-stop-rapes/articleshow/49528470.cms. Cited 29 October 2015.

Raj Anita, McDougal Lotus. Sexual violence and rape in India. The Lancet 2014; 383(9920): 865.

Ignatius Arun. Sexual violence in India. Thesis (unpublished). Available from: https://dspace.mah.se/bitstream/handle/2043/16733/Arun%20Ignatius%20HR%20III%20C-Thesis%20PDF.pdf. Cited on 12 August 2015.

WHO. Violence against women. Available from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs239/en/. Cited on 28 October 2015.

Day after rape, murder, mob beats man to death in Eluru - The New Indian Express. Available from: http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/andhra_pradesh/Day-After-Rape-Murder-Mob-Beats-Man-to-Death-in-Eluru/2015/06/20/article2875990.ece. Cited on 5 November 2015.

J&K: Four get death for rape-murder of minor-The Indian Express. Available from: http://indianexpress.com/article/india/crime/four-sentenced-to-death-for-rape-murder-of-13-year-old-girl/. Cited on 5 November 2015.

Himabindu BL, Arora Radhika, Prashanth NS. Whose problem is it anyway? Crimes against women in India. Glob Health Action 2014; 7: 23718.

Child sexual abuse: Top 5 countries with the highest rates – International Business Times. Available from: http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/child-sexual-abuse-top-5-countries-highest-rates-1436162. Cited on 28 October 2015.

Rape in India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Available from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rape_in_India. Cited on 28 October 2015.

Sexual aggression high among Indian youth, finds research - The Times of India. Available from: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Sexual-aggression-high-among-Indian-youth-finds-research/articleshow/49590089.cms. Cited on 5 November 2015.

Sharma I. Violence against women: Where are the solutions? Indian J Psychiatry 2015;57(2):131-139.

Critically examine the consequences of legalization of prostitution in India. Available from: http://iasbaba.com/2015/09/3-critically-examine-the-consequences-of-legalization-of-prostitution-in-india. Cited on 28 October 2015.

Should prostitution be legalized? Do the benefits of legalization or decriminalization outweigh the possible dangers? Available from: http://debatewise.org/debates/2509-prostitution. Cited on 28 October 2015.

A critical examination of responses to prostitution in four countries: Victoria-Australia, Ireland, the Netherlands and Sweden. Available from: https://www.glasgow.gov.uk/CHttpHandler.ashx?id=8843&p=0. Cited 16 August 2015.

100 countries and their prostitution policies - legal prostitution - ProCon.org. Available from: http://prostitution.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=000772. Cited on 4 November 2015.

Crime > rape rate: Countries compared. International Statistics at NationMaster.com. Available from: http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Crime/Rape-rate. Cited on 28 October 2015.

Cuddle up to me: 10,000 people rush to US woman who opened up a professional cuddling shop! - Latest News and Gossip on Popular Trends at India.com. Available from: http://www.india.com/whatever/cuddle-up-to-me-10000-people-rush-to-us-woman-who-opened-up-a-professional-cuddling-shop-200835/. Cited on 21 November 2015.

How to have phone sex: 7 Steps (with Pictures) - wiki How. Available from: http://www.wikihow.com/Have-Phone-Sex. Cited on 5 November 2015.

Phone sex - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Available from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phone_sex. Cited on 28 October 2015.

The joy of phone sex work in MefiMag. Available from: http://mefimag.com/issuepdfs/MeFiMag-008-NOV-2011-WEB.pdf. Cited on 28 October 2015.

Older women prove to be better at phone sex – Times of India. Available from: http://epaperbeta.timesofindia.com//Article.aspx?eid=31804&articlexml=Older-women-prove-to-be-better-at-phone-30082015022029. Cited on 28 October 2015.