Study of dermatoglyphics in type 2 diabetic individuals in a teaching hospital, Telangana

B. Uday Kiran, Divya Pothati

Abstract


Background: Dermatoglyphic pattern, epidermal ridges found in the fingertips of the palm exhibits in various pattern like whorl, arch and loop. This pattern of arrangement develops by 22nd weeks of intrauterine life and persists all through the life without any change. Among the metabolic disorders available globally, Dermatoglyphics as a diagnostic aid is now well established in number of diseases which have strong hereditary basis and is employed as a method for screening for abnormalities.
Aim of the study: To study dermatoglyphics in type 2 diabetic individuals.
Materials and Methods: Prospective observational study for duration of one year from March 2019 to February 2020 at the Department of Forensic Medicine at Maheshwara Medical College and Hospital, Patancheru, Telangana. Dematoglyphics were studied in 50 known cases of type 2 diabetes mellitus and
compared with normal, healthy, non diabetic age matched control individuals. The patterns on both palms were recorded by the Modified Ink Method and studied for finger tip pattern configuration, palmar pattern configuration, palmar a-b ridge counts and palmar atd angle.
Results: The patients were from 30 to 70 years age groups. There was increase in the frequency of whorls and decrease in loops in both the hands in diabetic individuals as compared to controls.
Conclusion: Dermatoglyphics is a noninvasive simple technique and can be used as an initial screening method to identify diabetic population.

Keywords: Dermatoglyphics, Type 2 Diabetes mellitus, Finger print patterns.


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