Comparative study of efficacy of platelet rich plasma injection versus corticosteroid injection in conservative management of periarthritis shoulder

Surai Soren, Ashok Kumar Nayak, Rabindra Nayak, Sambit Kumar Panda, Sabyasachi Swain


Materials and Methods: Analysis of eighty patients with periarthritis shoulder was done. Patients were thoroughly evaluated and were divided into two groups in a randomized trial. Forty patients were in group-A who received 3doses of injection of PRP (4ml) 2 weeks apart within a duration of 6weeks. Equal number
of patients were in group-B. They received 2ml of Injection corticosteroid 2weeks apart within a duration of 6 weeks. All participants were advised to perform a home-based hot fomentation and 15min exercise therapy. One participant from group A and 2 from group B were lost to follow up. There were 35 male and 42 female who completed the study. Analysis of 77 subjects who completed the study was done. Participant were evaluated for range of motion of shoulder as main outcome measure. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS)
and (Quick DASH) was used to measure pain and functions of the shoulder. The evaluation of Participants was done at 0,3,6 and 12 weeks. ANOVA test and Chi-square test, was repeatedly used to measure the differences.
Results: Participants who were given PRP injections showed significant improvements in active and passive range of shoulder motion as measured by VAS and Quick DASH over corticosteroid injection. This was also reflected statistically. No major adverse reactions were observed during 12 weeks of intervention.
Conclusion: In our study, the injection of PRP showed marked improvement in the range of motion of shoulder over corticosteroid injection but it needs other study to be treatment of choice. It emerged as an option for treatment in diabetes patient and condition where steroid is contraindicated.

Keywords: Platelet Rich Plasma Injection, Corticosteroid Injection, Efficacy, Periarthritis Shoulder.

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