Prevalance and distribution of candidia species from diabetic foot ulcer in tertiary care centre, Jamnagar, Gujarat

Pushpa R Kateshiya, Binita J Aring, Dipali Maganbhai Gavali

Abstract


Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic disease which may cause diabetic foot ulcer, which is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, it may also lead to foot amputation due to gangrene, and may cause cellulitis, abscess etc.
Aims & Objectives: To study prevalence of candidiasis in diabetic foot ulcer in a tertiary care centre, Jamnagar.
Materials and Methods: 32(10.66%) isolates that were recovered from wound discharge samples (300 samples tested) from November 2017 to September 2018. All isolates were visualized under direct microscopy, cultured, & sugar assimilation tests were performed.
Results: Amongst 300 samples 32(10.66%) were positive for fungal culture, in which major isolates was C. albicans (50%), C. tropicalis (18.75%), C. dubliniensis (9.37%), C.krusei (9.37%), C. glabrata (6.25%), C. parapsilosis (6.25%).
Conclusion: This study shows that in Diabetic foot ulcer most common fungal pathogens were C. Albicans, C. tropicalis, C. dubliniensis, etc.
Early identification of organism can help in early treatment and early recovery.

Keywords: DM foot, C. Albicans, Diabetes Mellitus, Fungus, Culture.


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