To assess the prevalence of undernutrition among male and female children of age group of 0-5 years in a rural area of Vidarbha region

Amrapali Gajbhiye, Gajanan Vellhal, Mary Mathews

Abstract


The malnutrition is one of the major problems among under-five children that can be used to find out the need for nutritional surveillance, nutritional care, or appropriate nutritional intervention programmes in a community.

The aim of the study to assess the prevalence of undernutrition in the age group of 0 to 5 years.

A community based study was conducted to assess the prevalence of stunting, wasting, &underweight among under-five children in the field practice area of Katol. Data was collected by predesigned, pre-tested questionnaires from 1/12/15 to 31/12/15.Details like history, sex & weight were recorded and length/height was measured using standard technique. The length /height and weight were plotted against WHO centiles curves & after this malnutrition were graded according to WHO classification. Data analysis was done by using WHO Anthro and STAA software. Study subjects were belonging to the age group of 0-5 yrs. Samples were selected by randomization. As per WHO classification of protein energy malnutrition the study reveals that, there was Significantly higher number of children 86.48% (32/37) were showed malnutrition by applying anthropometric parameter (χ2-value0.6614 P=0.416) Subsequently, high percentage of malnutrition was found in under-five children in male children.

Keywords: Undernutrition, Malnutrition.


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