A statusof non-communicable diseases among urban population through health camp approach- A novel tool for non-communicable diseases estimation

Mohan Joshi, Samina Ausvi

Abstract


Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of death globally. Of the 57 million global
deaths in 2008, 36 million (63%) were due to NCDs, principally cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancers,
and chronic respiratory diseases.The poor dietary quality (in particular, high salt intake, high saturated and trans-
fatty acid intake, and low fruit and vegetable consumption) and insufficient physical activity are key risk factors for
NCD development and mortality worldwide and are considered priority areas for international action.
Among the
340 study subjects who contributed for their investigations were included in this study 282 (82.9%) were
females. The majority of 202 (52.9%) were from age of 30-49 years which are the years of social and
economical productivity. Majority 228 (67.5%) were from socioeconomic status (SES II & III) which is a
essential feature of urban life.Prevalence of tobacco use was 14.41% and of alcohol was 3.8%. Physical
inactivity was reported by 61.1%. Only 27.4% and 22.1 % of subjects were consuming adequate portions of
fruits and vegetables respectively. Prevalenceof obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and hypothyroidism was
57.64% 4, 38%, 2.9% and 20% respectively.


Full Text:

PDF